By the beginning of the 16th century, the Shia Safavid (Iranian) Empire had emerged as a rival to the Ottoman Empire. The Kurds found themselves in the middle of the territories claimed by the Sunni Turkic Ottomans and the Shia Persian Safavids. The two empires fought at the Battle of Chaldiran in 1514 AD, where the Ottomans defeated the Safavid Shah. The result of the battle established a boundary between the two empires that split the Kurds between Turkic and Persian empires.
Kurdish tribes moved to Khorasan region/North east of Iran during Safavian Dynasty (about 1602 AD) and the reason for that was purely political. They were sent to Khorasan in order to defend the province from attacks by Uzbek warriors, and also to weaken the Kurds in Kurdistan. Kurds who are considered to be very determined and jingoistic people by nature did the job and pushed the warriors back to where they belong to and consequently the politic of Shah Safavi had worked to perfection by using Kurds in order to preserve the integrity of the country and his ruling at the time.
Currently about 2 million Kurds are living in Khorasan (60% in villages, 35% in Cities and 5% as Nomadic migrants/ koçberî), the most majority of them talks in Kurmanji dialect of Kurdish language. They are forgotten deliberately as they are separated from their homeland Greater Kurdistan for about 415 years. And it is needless to say that the lack of state investment has left the area in destitution, undeveloped with no prosperity. There should be no organised Kurdish political and educational centres to improve and modernise the Kurdish culture, language and social affairs which is our logical basic civil rights. Kurdish leaders, intellectuals and writers are prosecuted, insulted, oppressed and jailed.
Geographical coordinates of Khorasani’s Kurdish region is between N(36.5–38.5)˚ and E(56-60)˚. The area of Kurdish land in Khorasan is about 64144 square kilometres. The main River of Kurdish region in Khorasan is Atrak which starts from Hazar-Masjid mountains and end to Caspian sea. The main mountains of Kurdish region in Khorasan are Hazar-Masjid in East, Binalood in South-east, Shah-jehan in South, Aladagh in west, and Golil in the North. The main Kurdish cities in Khorasan are: Quchan, Shirvan, Esfarayen, Bojnurd, Kalat, Layeen, Daregaz, Faroj, Bajgiran, Chenaran, Ashkhana, Mane u Similqan, Joveyn, Raz and Radkan.
It is desirable to build a suitable mausoleum for our famous Kurdish poet “JEFERQOLI ZINGILI” in the village of Goglin in Quchan (who was borne at 1855 AD). It is one of our main Kurdish cultural heritages in the region. His anniversary's public gathering each year on May along with Kurdish nice music, his Kurdish delicate poems and Kurdish lovely dancing is a joyful ceremony.