Bojnurd is the capital city of North Khorasan province.
Bojnurd is the capital city of North Khorasan province, Iran. It is about 701 km from Tehran. It had an estimated population of 200,000 in 2005. It is also spelled Bijnurd.
Bijnūrd is located in the plains and enjoys a mild, mountainous weather. This city was originally called "Bijan Gerd", or "Bijan Navard" with gerd means touring city and bojnurd means Bijans city. The inhabitants in Bojnourd are ethnic turkomen (only in bojnurd city) and ethnic Kurds (in the city and the most majority of villages of bojnourd), speaking in the Kurmanji dialect of Kurdish language.
The ancient city was situated on a hill northwest of the present city of Bojnurd, known as Sareban Mahaleh. It’s most important village is Shirindarre which is a tourist area and in which rice is produced and it is a pure Kurdish spoken.
In Iran, 40% of the Iranian Kurds speak Kurmanji dialect of Kurdish language, in cities such as Urmia, Maku, Khoy and as well as Kurds living in Khorasan province speak in Kurmanji.
In Iraq, 45% of Iraqi Kurds speak Kurmanji dialect of Kurdish language, such as in the region of Badinan (cities of Duhok, Zakho, Amedi, Sinjar, Agri, Barzan) and in Mosul.
In Armenia, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Russia, Lebanon, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Kazakhstan and other Central-Asian states all Kurds speak in Kurmanji dialect of Kurdish language.