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?????? ??????
 ?????‌ ?????? ?????? ??????. >>>

??? ? ???
  ?? ??? ????? ?? ?????? ??? ? ???? ???? ???? ?????? ????. >>>

???? ????

 "???? ????>>>
 ?????? ???? ? ??????? ?????‌(????????)(1)
 ?????? ???? ? ??????? ?????(????????) - (2)
 ?????? ???? ? ??????? ?????(????????) - (3)
 ?????? ???? ? ??????? ?????(????????) - (4)

????? ??
?? ??? ????? ?? ?????? ?????‌?? ?????? ????. >>>

???????? ????? ??????


??‌??‌??: ط¯ط³طھظˆط± ط²ط¨ط§ظ† ظˆ ط§ط¯ط¨غŒط§طھ ع©ظˆط±ط¯غŒ (ع©ط±ظ…ط§ظ†ط¬غŒ) – (3)
در مورخه : Monday, June 02 @ 20:16:09 CEST
????? ????????? ???????

????‌ ??????? ????????? ? ????????? ?????? ?? ????? ?? ???????? ????? ?? ?? ???? ??????? ???? ????? ??? ????? ??? ??? ?? ?????? ???? ? ??????? ????? ?? ??? ?? ??? ???? ??????? ????‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌???? ??? ?? ?? ?????? ?????? ???? ? ??????‌??? ????.


???? ????? ???? ??? ?? ???? ???????? (????? ?? ?????) ????? ???? ???? ?? ???? ??????? ?? ???? ?? ???? ??‌?????? ???? ?????? ????. ??? ??? ????? ???? ? ????‌???? ???? ????? ?? ??‌?????. ???? ????? ????? ???????? ???? ?? ????? ?? ??????? ?????? ?? ??????? ???? ?????? ???? ??????? ???? ?? ???? ????? ?????? ?? ??? ????‌???. ??????? ???? ????? 31 ???? (tîp) ????? ????? ?????? ?? (tîpên Dengdar) ???? (8) ??? ? ????? ????? ?? ??‌??? (tîpên Bêdeng)  ????? ? ?? (23) ??? ??‌?????.


Tîpên dengdar
a e ê i î o u û




Tîpên bêdeng
b c ç d f g h j k l m n p q r s s t v w x y z





????? ?????? ?? ?? ????? ?????? ??‌????:


1- ????? ?? ???? ?????? ?? ?? ????
u , i , e ??‌?????.
2- ????? ?? ???? ???? ?? ??? ????
a , ê , û , î , o ??‌?????.


?????? ?????? ????? ?? ???? ?????? ? ????? ? ???? ??? ?????? ????? ??????? ????? ? ?????? ?????? ? ?????? ???? ?????? ????? ?? ?? ????? ???? ? ?????‌???? ?? ??? ???? ?????  ?????? ? ???? ????? ????‌‌???. 

????? ??????? ????? ?? ?? ?????? ????? ???? ? ????? ???? (tîpên gir  u  tîpên  hûr) ?????? ??‌????(?????? ??????? ?? ???? ?? ?? ????? ???? ???? ??‌????):


Tîpên gir:
 
A , B , C , Ç , D , E , Ê , F , G , H , I , Î , J , K , L , M , N , O , P , Q , R , S , ?? , T , U , Û , V , W , X , Y , Z

 
Tîpên hûr (qiçik:

a , b , c , ç , d , e , ê , f , g , h , i , î , j , k , l , m , n , o , p , q , r , s , ?? , t , u , û , v , w , x , y , z


Aa
Bb
Cc
Çç
Dd
Ee
Êê
Ff
Gg
Hh
Ii
Îî
Jj
Kk
Ll
Mm
Nn
Oo
Pp
Qq
Rr
Ss
????
Tt
Uu
Ûû
Vv
Ww
Xx
Yy
Zz
 


????:

A   a 

(??????)avis ,(???)Ard ,(?????)dar ,(????)derya ,(?????)a?? ,(??)Av ,( ?????) agahî  


B   b  

(????)berf ,(????????)Beq ,(????)kebab ,(???)beran ,(???) Bav ,( ???)Bar 

C   c  
  
(????)Cewr ,(??????)fincan ,(??)ceh ,(?????) car ,(???) cêran ,(??????)cînar


Ç    ç  
 
(???)çakû?? ,(???)çav ,(????)çar ,(??) çi ,(???????? ?????)çem ,(???‌?????)ço


D   d  
  
(????)Deve ,(?????)diwan ,(???)dihol ,(????)dest ,(??????)dîn ,(???)dûr ,(???)dar
 

E    e  
 
(??)??e?? ,(???)Zeri ,(???)ewr ,(?????)ker ,(???)ereb ,(???)evîn ,(??? ? ???)Zewq


Ê    ê  
  
(???)mê?? ,(???)zêr ,(???)rê ,(????)êzing ,(????)dirêj ,(?????)êvar ,(???)ê??
 

F    f   
  
(????)Berf ,‌(?????)Heft ,(????)fîl ,(?????)firîn ,(????????)firokxane ,(???????)firoke
 

G   g  

(???)gurî ,(????)genim ,(??????)golik ,(????)gog ,(???????) girtin ,(???)gor


H   h  
 
(??)neh ,(????????)hestî ,(???)hesp ,(???)hûn ,(?????)heval ,(?????)hereket


I   i  

(???????)zivistan ,(????)piling ,(????)bivir ,(??)bizin ,(??)dil ,(???)hêstir ,(???)hingif
 

Π   î    
  
(????)kanî ,(???)sîr ,(?????)tirî ,(????)î??ev ,(?????)îro ,(?????)îsal


J   j 

(????)bijang ,(?? ????)mij ,(????)roji ,(???? ??????)jûjî ,(??)jin ,(????)jûr ,(?????)jêr


K   k  

(????)kevçî ,(???)kesk ,(??????)kevok ,(??????) kêwanî ,(??)ka ,(????)kal
 

L   l    

(????)simbêl ,(???? ????)simbil ,(??‌??)leklek ,(?????? ?????)lez ,(??????)Lepik


M   m  

(????)kum ,(???)kurm ,(???)mi??k ,(????)masî ,(???)mar ,(????)mirî??k

N   n   
  
(????)nar ,(??? ????)navik ,(????)penîr ,(????)name ,(???)nan ,(??)nêr ,(?????)nexa??


O   o  
  
(??? ???????)golî ,(????)sor ,(??)por ,(????)Ordek ,(?????)otaq ,(????????)Otomobîl


P   p   
 
(???)hesp ,(?????)panî ,(????)pi??ik ,(???)pîr ,(????)pir ,(????)poz ,(?????)par
 

Q   q  
 
(????)qefes ,(???)qelem ,(?????)qirik ,(???)qîr ,(?????)Qedexe ,(???)qend


R   r  

(???)birîn ,(??)bilûr ,(?????)baran ,(?????)rovî ,(??????)rûre?? ,(??????)rist
 

S   s  
 
(??)sed ,(??)se ,(???)das ,(?????)saet ,(???)sêv ,(????)sol ,(????? ???‌???)sêl
 

??   ??  

(?? ??????)??îlan ,(?????)a??tî ,(??)??e?? ,(???)??eker ,(????)??eh ,(???)??îr ,(???)??or


T   t   
  
(?????)tût ,(??????)filût ,(??????)texte ,(??????)gîtar ,(???‌???)tewdan ,(?????)tev??o


U   u   
  
(????????)Kurdistan ,(??‌???)kul ,(??)gul ,(????? ????)gurçî ,(???????)hengulîsk


Û    û  

(????)??û??e ,(????)tû ,(?????)tût ,(??)kûtî ,(????‌)qûm ,(??????)tûr ,(????)kûr ,(?????)??ûr
 

V   v    
  
(???)sêv ,(???)hîv ,(??)lêv ,(?????)??ivan ,(???)dirav ,( ???????)vegerîn ,(??? ????)vekirin
 

W   w   

(????)weris ,(????)mêwe ,(???)kew ,(????? ????‌???) war ,(????) wezîr
 

X  x  

(????)xorme ,(????‌????)xalxalok ,(????)xiyar ,(?????????)xal ,(???)xak ,(???????)xalî
 

Y  y  

(?????)payîz ,(????)dinya ,(?????)meymûn ,(???)çîya ,(???)çay ,(??)yêk ,(?????)yazde


Z    z  
 
(??????)zengil ,(?????)zirne ,(????)ziman ,(????)pîvaz ,(???)zer ,(???)zêr ,(???? )zîv



????? ??‌???           tîpên Pevdeng                         

?? ???? ????? ??????? ?????? ?? ?? ?? ?? ???? ?????? ?? ?? ?????? ??? ? ?? ???? ?? ??‌?????? ??????? ???? ??? ?? ???? ?? ??‌??? (Pevdeng) ??‌?????? ?? ?? ???? ?????? ???? ??????? ? ?? ??? ‌?????? ????? ????? ???? ?????? ? ???? ???? ?? ???? ?? ????? ??‌????.


?????? ????:
 

 W (??) ? X (?) ?????? ?? ???? ?? ???? ?????? ???? ??????? ? ?? ?????? ?? ?????  ?? " ? " ?? ?? ?????? ???? ?????? xwîn (???) ?? ????? ???? ?? ????? ??‌????? ? ??????? ??????? ????? ?? ???? ???? ??? ????.

Pevdeng : >>> xw
 
(???) xwîn ,(??? ?????)xwar ,(????)xwe?? ,(????)xwedî  

xwendin(??????) ,xwarin(?????) ,xwê(???) ,xwedi(???) ,xwe(????), ...


????? ? ?? ????? ?????‌?? ?? ?????? ? ????? ???? ????? ?? ????? ???? ????? ?? ????? ????‌???? ????‌??? ? ?????‌??? ????? ???? ?? ?? ????? ?? ?? ???? ??‌????.

?????? ????? ????? ?? ?????  u ,  û , i  ???? ? ?? ???? ???‌????. ?? ????? ???? ???? ??? ???? ??? ???? ?? ????? ??‌????.

????:

???? ?????? ?? ????? ????????  ji ,bi ,li ,di  (?????? ?? ?????? ????? ????? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ?? ???? ????? ??? ?????? ???) ? ?????? ?????? ????? çi (??) ?? ???? ????? ?????? ????????? ??‌???.

???? u ?????? ?? ??????? ??? ??? du (??)? ???? tu (???)? ?????? ???? ku (?? ? ???)? ? ?????? ?????ku (???) ?? ???? ??????‌?? ??? ???? ?????? ????????? ??‌???. 


   ?Ew çi ne
(???? ?? ????????)

.Reqema du ji yêk girtir e
 (??? ?? ?? ?? ??????? ????
.

?Tu ji Kurdên Xorasanê kesek dinasî  
 (??? ?? ??????? ?????? ??? ?? ??‌???????)

.Kela ku ew lê rûdine 
 (?????? ?? ????‌?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ???? ????
.)

.Ku tu wî bibînî 
 (??? ??? ?? ?? ??????
.

?Ew ji ku tê 
 (?? ?? ??? ??‌?????)

?Tu li ku yî  
 (??? ?? ??? ???????)
 
 
?? ???? ????? ?? ?????? ???????? ? ??????? ?????? ??????? ?? ????? ?? ???? ?????? ??????? (tt,ll,rr...)? ? ?? ?? ???? ?? ???? ????? ??? (“d-t” , “p-b”....) ?? ?? ???? ?????? ???? ??????? ?????? . ????? ??? ??? ????? ?? ???? ?????? ???? ?????? ??? ?? ???? ?????? ???‌???.

????:

(???????? ???????)
xurtir  <<<  xurt-tir 

(?????) rintir <<<  rind-tir  

(?? ???? ??? ?? ???) pa??îv <<< pa??-??îv  

(???? ?????) serokomar <<<  serok-komar         

(????‌???? ????????‌???)
 dewlementir<<<  dewlemend-tir 

(?? ??????)
 yêkîte <<< yêk-kîte    



????? ???‌???              Tîpên Nîvdeng                         

??? ????? ?? ????? ???? ???? ???? ????????. ????? h , w , y  ?? ?? ???? ????? ?????? ????? ????? ?????? ? ????? ????? ?? ?????? ????? ???‌??? ?????? ??‌????. ??? ????? ?? ???? ?? ??? ?? ?? ???? ???? ??‌???? ?? ??????? ??‌????? ???? ?? ??‌???? ? ?? ??????? ???? ???? ?? ??? ?????? ? ?? ??? ???? (????) ??‌????.

????:

???? -   y


Rûê min >>> rûyê min

xwezaî >>> xwezayî 
 

bi vî awaî >>> bi vî awayî

pîê min >>> piyê min
 

sîa te >>> siya te
   
...
hwd 

her weki din <<< hwd (???? ?????? " ?????? " ?? ?????? ????)



? - h 


Avaî >>> avahî 

ronaî >>> ronahî
 
Hê??ênaî) ??ênaî >>> ??ênahî

perwerdeî >>> perwerdehî

xwezaî >>> xwezahî
 
....hwd




? -  w


Baî >>> bawî

xwesîa te >>> xwesiwa te
  
cizrawî <<< cizraî
 
kawî <<<  kaî
 

...hwd 
 
 

?????? ???????????? ?? ???? ????. ???? ??????? ???? ?? ????? ?????? ???? ??? ? ?? ????? ???? ?? ???? ???? ? ????? ?????? ???? ????? ?? ???? ?????? (?? ????) ?? ???? ?? ???? ??‌????? ? ????? ???‌??? ????? ?? ???? ?????? ???? ???‌????? ???? ???? ?? ????? ? ????? ???? ?? ??‌???.

  
????: 

  bîne  <<< (????? ????) înan (anîn) >>> biîne
  
 

ê??în >>> diê??îne >>>dê??îne (tê??îne 

Avêtin >>> biavêje >>> bavêje  

Ajotin >>> biajo >>> bajo
 
Aqil >>> biaqil >>> baqil  


???? ????? h ?????? ????? ??????? ???î , û , ê  ... ?? ??? ??‌??? (?????? ???? ?? ?????? ??‌???). ?? ????? ???? ????? h ?? ???? ???? ????? ?????? ????? ??‌?????? (i , u , e )  ?? ??? ??? ??? ??????? ?? ???? ? ?????? ???? ??‌??? ???? ?? ???? ?????? ???? ?? ??? ??‌???. ??????? ???? a ?????? ?? eh ??‌???.

????:

mih <<< (???)  
ruhn <<< (?????) Rûn

Sî (????) >>> sih  
Rû (?????) >>>ruh    

Bûtan (?????? ???????) >>> Buhtan
Bar (???? ??????)  >>> behr 

Tal (????) >>> tehl 
Tîn (??????? ?????) >>> tihn  

çav (???) >>> çehv  
Bas (???? ?????) >>> behs  

Kanî (????) >>> kehnî  
Kar (???? ???)  >>>kehr 

Panî (?????)  >>> pehnî  
Go (???)  >>> guh 

Bîn (??)  >>> bihn  
Cî (??????)  >>> cih

Fêm (????)  >>> fehm   
baxçe(??????) >>> behxçe  

?? ?? ???? ??????? ????  î  ??? ??  y ??   ???? ?????? ???? ?? ??‌?????? ? ?? i ?????? ??‌??? (??????? ??‌????? ???? ?????? ??‌??? ?? ?????? ???? ??? ???? ???? ? ??? ??‌???). ???? ??? ??????? ?? ????? ??? ???? ?? ?????? ??? ????? ??? ????? ???? ? ?? ?????? ?? ?? ???? ?? ???? ??‌????? ???? ?????? ?? ?? ???? ?? ?????? ???? ???? ??? ??? ?? ???? ?? ??????? ??‌???? ??? ???? ???? ? ???‌???? ???. ?????? ??? ????? ?? ?? ???? ??????? ? ?? ?? ???? ???? ??? ???? ????.


????:

diya min <<<  dîya min <<< dîa min    

çîa >>> çîya >>> çiya 

rûê min >>> rîyê min >>> riyê min

??? ????? ?? ???? ?????
  / w / û ??? ???? ????. ????? ???? ??????? ???? û ??? ?? ?? ?? w ?? ?? ???? ???? ?????? ???? ?? ??‌?????? (??????? ??‌????? ???? ?????? ??‌??? ?? ?????? ???? ? ??????? ?? ???? ??? ??? ??‌???).

????:

  >>> riwê min 

Xwesû >>> xwesiwa min    
 
çarsû >>> çarsiwa min  

Bûn >>> bibiwa (bibûya 

Du >>> diwemîn   

Parsû >>> parsiwa min   


????? ?? ????? (???? ???  ?  ???):              Tîpên  du dengî 

 ?? ???? ????? ????? p, k , ç , t ??‌??????? ????? ?? ??? ?? ??? ?????.??? ?? ??? ?? ?? ?????? ?? ???? ??? (deng nerm) ?  ?? ???? ??? (deng hi??k) ??‌????? ?? ????? ???? ?? ????? ?????? ?? ???? ???? ?????? ???? (?? ???? ?? ???? ???? ?? ?? ???? ?????? ?? ?????? ?????? ?? ?? ???? ????). ?? ???? ????? ????? ???????? ?????? ????? ???? ??? ?? ????? ??? ???? ?? ?? ??‌????( ???:  K, P, T, Ç )? ?? ??? ??? ?????? ? ?????? ?? ???? ?? ???? ?? ???? ??????? ???? ? ????? ???? ??‌???.

 ????:  
 

deng hi??k
deng nerm  
tîp
 (??????)par
 ‎(??????) ‎‎‎pîr
(????) poz
 (?????) Par
(????) pî
(??) por
P
(?????) Çerm
(??? ?????) ço
 (?????? ????? ?? ???) çil
(????) Çar
(???? ?????? ?????? ?? ???) Ço
 (???)  Çil      
Ç
(???) ter
 (???) tu
(?????) tev??o
 (???) Têr
(?????) tu
  (????? ????)Tor
T
(??? ??????) ker
(???) ka
(???? ??????) kal
(???? ???) ku
 (??) Ker
(??????) Ka
(????? ?????) Kal
 (??) ku
K


???? ???? ?? ???‌??? ?????? ????? ?? ????? ? ???? ??? ??? ??????? ?????? ?? ?? ???????? ?????? ????? ? ?????? ?????? ????? ????? ?????? ???. ??? ?? ??????? ???? ??????‌?? ?? ???? ???? ???? ????? ?? ?????? ???????? ?? ??? ??????? ????? ???? ???‌???? ????? ?? ??? ????? ????? ????? ??????? ?? ???? ???? ?????? ???? ??????.




 
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??? ? ???

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